Category Archives: Contemplations

Multiform Grammar and the Working Memory

In 1974, psychologists Alan Baddeley and Graham Hitch offered a model of the working memory, which was revised by Baddeley in 2000. According to the 1974 model, the working memory is a system that enables temporary storage and manipulation of … Continue reading

Posted in Contemplations, My Art

Pulling and Pushing Forces in Multiform References

Explicit, implicit and indeterminate multiform references (MFRs) maintain pulling and pushing forces between their verbal and visual poles. These forces are the mechanisms that potentially move readers to shift their attention between words and images across a multiform argument (MFA) … Continue reading

Posted in Contemplations, Dissertation, Teaching

Implicit Multiform References

Implicit multiform references (MFRs) generate shifts of attention through semantic relatedness between the MFA’s verbal and visual components and their visual features without announcing their operation. For example, the presence of both the word “cat” and an image of a … Continue reading

Posted in Contemplations, Dissertation, My Art

What Makes Visual Evidence “Evidence”?

Alfa Romeo 4C Spider In April’s post, I asked if – within the industry of creating and communicating historical knowledge – there is any epistemological significance to visual evidence that was photographed by the historian who writes about it. I … Continue reading

Posted in Contemplations

Historians Photograph their Visual Evidence

The visual material in illustrated historiography usually results from a chain of practices, most noticeable are the artistic creation, the photographing of the artwork, and the printing of that photograph in the book. This chain of practices is the industry … Continue reading

Posted in Contemplations, Dissertation

Renaissance Society of America – New Orleans, March 22-24, 2018

At the RSA 2018, I commented on three papers that art historians Dr. Jorge Sebastián Lozano, Dr. Víctor Mínguez Cornelles and Dr. Inmaculada Rodríguez Moya presented in the session: “Between Word and Image: Verbal-Visual Representations of Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century Spanish Royal Women,” which I … Continue reading

Posted in Contemplations, My Art

Benjamin Lee Whorf

Writes: “[…] for science, poetry, and love are alike in being “flights” above and away from the slave-world of literal reference and humdrum prosaic details, attempts to widen the petty narrowness of the personal self’s outlook, liftings toward Arūpa, toward … Continue reading

Posted in Contemplations

Wordimage in (is) Mythology

In her Reading “Rembrandt”: Beyond the Word-Image Opposition, Mieke Bal refers to Roland Barthes’s remark that “the very end of myth is to immobilize the world,” and to Philip Rahv’s observation that the persistence of romanticism and conservatism, manifested in … Continue reading

Posted in Contemplations

Visual Quoting II

In his essay “Shifters and Verbal Categories,” Roman Jakobson describes the complexity of “indexical symbols” – linguistic signs that, as symbols, represent their objects by convention and, as indices do, have existential relations with their objects, at the same time … Continue reading

Posted in Contemplations

Word and Image

Rarely do we see images without accompanying words, written or spoken. Images in books, newspapers, magazines, ads, television and the internet are often mediated by verbal language, that influences the way we see the images and think about them. In … Continue reading

Posted in Contemplations